ABUJA, Nigeria – Africa is facing significant security threats and experiencing high levels of violence and human rights abuses, said panellists at the World Economic Forum on Africa, taking place for the first time in Nigeria. In particular, women, children and civilians are being used as instruments of war and shocking testimonies are coming out of conflict zones.
A lack of respect for human life was identified as a fundamental problem that is leading to increased violence. This is being compounded by the commercialization and erosion of traditional practices that once stabilized communities, but are now contributing to human rights abuses, particularly of women.
According to Netsanet Belay, Africa Director, Research and Advocacy, Amnesty International, South Africa, “Freedom of expression is an African right. We need to push our African leaders to speak out about transgressions committed by their fellow leaders.”
Poverty, inequality and lack of inclusion were also identified as key contributors to increasing conflict and radicalization as they create pockets of fragility that can be easily exploited. Christine Musisi, Regional Director, UN Women East and Southern Africa, Kenya, concurred: “Rapid growth that is not inclusive is irresponsible growth and it is not sustainable.”
Samura Matthew Wilson Kamara, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Sierra Leone, said governments, particularly in post-conflict states, have a difficult time trying to balance the needs of investors in the resources sector and the communities that are affected by the exploitation of those resources.
Countries need investment to grow, but it is crucial to ensure that the growth is inclusive to avoid building up social tensions that present potential areas of future conflict. “You need growth with a human face,” said Kamara.
Forum Ekonomi Dunia kaping 24 ing Afrika bakal dianakake ing Abuja, Nigeria, tanggal 7-9 Mei 2014. Tema rapat kasebut yaiku Forging Wutah Inklusif, Nggawe Pakaryan.
Ketua Pembantu ing rapat kasebut yaiku Dominic Barton, Direktur Utama, McKinsey & Company, Inggris; Jean-François van Boxmeer, Ketua Dewan Eksekutif lan Chief Executive Officer, Heineken, Walanda; Aliko Dangote, Presiden lan Chief Executive Officer, Dangote Group, Nigeria; Bineta Diop, Presiden, Femmes Africa Solidarité, Swiss; Jabu A. Mabuza, Ketua, Grup Telkom, Afrika Kidul; Sunil Bharti Mittal, Ketua, Bharti Enterprises, India; John Rice, Wakil Ketua, GE, Hong Kong SAR